The Intractability of Reform
The deficiencies that persist in the quality of the indigent defense system in New York City, as in other major cities in the United States, mainly result from the system’s primary goals, and not from bureaucratic process or the informal behavior of courtroom attorneys. These goals are alien to the needs of indigent criminal defendants. Thousands of defendants each year fail to receive effective assistance of counsel, and each year brings forth renewed calls for reform. Yet, defense of economically disadvantaged criminal defendants in New York has remained essentially unchanged since the turn of the century. That this system has persisted for over seventy years cannot be explained as a mere failure of method. The system must be understood as a success from the perspective of those who designed the system and now maintain it.
The Interdependence and Parallel Growth of Assigned Counsel and Institutional Defender Systems in New York City
Explains crisis of indigent criminal defense in NYC as product of interdependence and parallel growth of assigned counsel and institutional defenders.
Criminal Defense of the Poor in New York City Appendices
Click the PDF above for Appendices to Issue 15.4, Criminal Defense of the Poor in New York City.
Mass Violence Motivated by Hate: Are New Domestic Terrorism Laws the Answer?
Do new domestic terrorism laws put Black Lives Matter supporters, anti-war protestors, and/or animal rights activists at risk? Do they presently incorporate sufficient safeguards against such misuse and abuse?
Review of Immigration-Related U.S. Supreme Court Cases: Challenges, Ramifications, and What to Expect
Scholars discuss the most significant immigration-related cases before the U.S. Supreme Court, their ramifications, and what to expect in 2020.