The Political and Legal Implications of the Psychological Parenting Theory


In theory, laws designed to protect children from harm apply equally to all members of American society. In reality—and to a considerably greater degree than in the application of the criminal laws—child protective laws are applied only to the poor and nonwhite. The state uses child protective laws, if not as a pretext, then as a justification, for the seizure of children from those people who have the least political power in the United States and are the least involved in traditional forms of our culture.

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Panel I: Defund Means Defund Andrea Ritchie (she/her) is a Black lesbian immigrant whose writing, litigation, and advocacy has focused on policing of women and LGBT people of color for the past two decades. She is currently a researcher with