Parents are legally recognized in three ways: through marriage, adoption, and biology. While gay partners may now legally marry throughout the United States, not all states have provided an equal opportunity for gay parents to obtain parental rights, whether through
Termination of parental rights will sometimes be constructive, but will more often be irrelevant or detrimental.
Discussion of the impact on child welfare law and policy of seminal works arguing for less state intervention in removing children from functional families.
Mr. Fanshel is a professor at the Columbia University School of Social Work. He is the author of a large-scale longitudinal study of foster children and has published numerous books, monographs and articles reporting on studies of foster care, adoption,