Affirmative action advocates should trade race-conscious affirmative action for race-neutral disadavantages that disporportionately affecting people of color.
In an effort to remedy the financial distress Michigan cities faced after the 2007 recession, the Michigan state legislature passed 2012 Public Act 436 ("PA 436"), the "Local Financial Stability and Choice Act." Under PA 436, state-appointed emergency managers act
Voting rights advocates should explore section 11(b) of the Voting Rights Act as a vehicle to combat voter intimidation.
Black americans whose ancestors were slaves are less likely to receive affirmative action than "Black multiracials" and "Black Immigrants."