The collateral consequences of a conviction are largely unrecognized even by those who participate in the criminal justice system. In this article, I detail some aspects of three of those consequences: (1) the creation by New York laws of unwaivable economic obligations; (2) the enhancement of federal sentences based on prior criminal convictions adjudicated in New York State; and, (3) the registration obligations and restrictions on the behavior of those convicted of sex-related crimes imposed by New York law.
This article argues Allyene signals a shift in the availability of constitutional challenges in cases where sentencing factors are particularly important.
Voting rights advocates should explore section 11(b) of the Voting Rights Act as a vehicle to combat voter intimidation.
A transgender student's expression of her gender identity, including through the use of gender consistent bathrooms, is First Amendment protected speech,
Do new domestic terrorism laws put Black Lives Matter supporters, anti-war protestors, and/or animal rights activists at risk? Do they presently incorporate sufficient safeguards against such misuse and abuse?