Nathaniel Pickett. Walter Scott. George Floyd.
These three Black men were each killed by police officers during the course of routine police stops. Nathaniel Pickett was stopped while walking home. Walter Scott was pulled over for an alleged broken taillight. George Floyd was arrested for allegedly using a counterfeit $20 bill. None of these actions warranted a death sentence. And yet, these men were killed.
The deaths of Nathaniel Pickett, Walter Scott, and George Floyd expose the extent of power and control the law gives police officers over Black bodies. Fourth Amendment law facilitates these kinds of deadly encounters by empowering police officers to force interactions with people based on lower levels of individualized suspicion.
Andrea J. Ritchie∞ As the nation wrestles with the relentless reality of police violence against Black, Brown and Indigenous bodies and the enduring impacts of mass incarceration on individuals, families and communities of color, we also continue to grapple with
From apologies and memorials to educational programs, communities should consider calling for responses to police violence outside of the mainstream ones
Replacing the constitutionally mandated requirement of probable cause with a reasonableness standard subject to wide interpretation is especially dangerous where aright as fundamental as privacy is at stake.
This Article concludes that pattern-or-practice investigations are an ef-fective means of achieving greater police accountability. Given its potential to advance change, this investigative power must not be limited to the federal government. Empowering states to take advantage of this remedy