People keep telling me that this is historic. I guess it is historic in that we’re starting this new age of post-affirmative action. But I don’t think it’s nearly as much an act compared to the people before me who broke the color barriers the first time. Eric Brooks, Boalt Hall, Class of 2000 On November 5, 1996, California voters approved Proposition 209, which amended the California Constitution to state that “[t]he state shall not discriminate against, or grant preferential treatment to, any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting.”‘ The new law, of course, generated immediate and aggressive litigation. In the meantime, however, it has had real effects that eerily parallel the beginning of the legal struggle over affirmative action.
Ayesha Bell Hardaway∞ “You don’t simply say ‘I’m sorry’ to the man you’ve robbed. You return what you stole or your apology takes on a hollow ring.” Table of Contents Introduction I. An Overview of African American Reparations Claims A.
Within affirmative action cases alone, the Court has never before had to contend with defining a concept such as critical mass. More broadly within racial justice and education, however, vagueness is not a new challenge.
Heather L. Scavone∞ I. Introduction II. Prescriptions That Impart Mutual Benefit on Asylees and Refugees III. Leveling the Playing Field Between Refugees and Asylees A. The Refugee-Asylee Social Services Benefits Gap B. The Refugee-Asylee Federal Immigration Benefits Gap C. Proposed
Peter Leasure & Tia Stevens Andersen∞ Abstract Upon completion of their sentences and when attempting to ‘reenter’ society, offenders face large barriers, often referred to as the ‘collateral consequences’ of conviction. One of the largest barriers, given the stigma of
"As a matter of principle, amending the Constitution to include sex equality as a fundamental human right will send a clear public message that women are no longer to be treated as second-class citizens."
Assessment of the successes and failures of affirmative action programs after the passage of the Civil Rights Act; proposes a model for the future
Review of Derrick Bell's Afrolantica Legacies, responding and disagreeing with certain arguments of Bell's.